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GCT英语备考:如何由"词"推"意"

http://gct.eol.cn  来源:中国教育在线  2013-05-10    

  GCT英语阅读答题中,我们常常会遇到一些不认识的字或词,那么面对这种情况,我们该如何应对呢?中国教育在线为大家总结了几种方法,希望能对大家的复习备考有所帮助。

  1 根据语境推断括号中词语的意思

  1. The woman and the children were skilful in boats too, but there were usually several of them in a large boat called (umiak)。

  2. The doctor said that if a person ate even one leaf of the (hemlock) plant, he would die, because the plant is a deadly poison.

  3. Although dogs and cats often have large families, rabbits are famous for the size of their (litters), which sometimes number more than twelve bunnies at one time.

  4. Mark became (hysterical) when his basketball team won, and he did not calm down for several days.

  5. With mud from head to toe, flowers still clutched in his hand, john looked so (ludicrous) that we couldn?t help laughing.

  6. A bee collects (nectar) not in its own stomach but in a kind of shopping bag called the honey sac similar to the one ants have.

  7. Several generations ago, the world seemed to run in an or-derly way. now, however, everything is in a state of (tur-moil)。

  8. After the first time someone tried to rob him, the banker be-came (flustered) easily, and in his confusion he would make many careless errors.

  9. Jane was (intrigued) by the behavior of animals; she could sit for hours observing a bird making a nest or an ant carrying a leaf.

  10. Some chimps are very independent and appear to be the superior members of a group; others seem to be ruled by the leaders and are quite (submissive)。

  通过上串下联,我们不难确定上述各句中斜体字的含义如下:

  1. umiak n. 一种大船

  2. hemlock n. 一种有毒植物(毒芹)

  3. litter n.一窝 bunnies小兔子

  4. hysterical a.歇斯底里,异常兴奋

  5. ludicrous a滑稽可笑的

  6. nectar n.花蜜 honey sac蜜胃

  7. tur-moil n.混乱

  8. flustered a.慌乱的

  9. intrigued a.感兴趣

  10.submissive a.顺从的

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